Common Signs


  • Delay in learning to talk
  • Difficulty with rhyming
  • Difficulty pronouncing words
  • Poor auditory memory for nursery rhymes and chants
  • Difficulty in adding new vocabulary words
  • Inability to recall the right word
  • Trouble learning and naming letters and numbers and remembering the letters in his/her name
  • Aversion to print 

Kindergarten and First Grade

  • Difficulty breaking words into smaller parts (syllables)
  • Difficulty identifying and manipulating sounds in syllables
  • Difficulty remembering names of letters and recalling  of their corresponding sounds
  • Difficulty decoding single words
  • Difficulty spelling words the way they sound or remembering letter sequences in very common words seen often in print

​Second Grade and Third Grade

  • Difficulty recognizing common sight words
  • Difficulty decoding single words
  • Difficulty recalling the correct sounds for letters and letter patterns in reading 
  • Difficulty connecting speech sounds with appropriate letter or letter combinations and omitting letters in words for spelling
  • Difficulty reading fluently
  • Difficulty decoding unfamiliar words in sentences using knowledge of phonics
  • Reliance on picture clues, story theme, or guessing at words
  • Difficulty with written expression

Fourth Grade through Sixth Grade

  • Difficulty reading aloud (fear of reading in front of classmates)
  • Avoidance of reading
  • Acquisition of less vocabulary due to reduced independent reading
  • Use of less complicated words in writing that are easier to spell than more appropriate words
  • Reliance on listening rather than reading for comprehension

Middle through High School

  • Difficulty with the volume of reading and written work
  • Frustration with the amount of time required and energy expended for reading
  • Difficulty with written assignments
  • Tendency to avoid reading
  • Difficulty learning a foreign language